The Museum is located on the second floor of the Medici Villa of Poggio a Caiano, and houses about 200 paintings that belonged to the Medici family, from the end of the 16th to the middle of the 18th century. In the 16 rooms of the Museum, two of which are decorated in the Lorraine style, It is possible to admire the still life collections that belonged to four generations of the Medici family, from Cosimo II to Anna Maria Luisa de 'Medici. The visit chronologically reconstructs the formation of the Medici collections of still life paintings, with which it was customary to furnish and decorate the interiors of the 17 Medici villas in the area, which formed a net of hunting and leisure residences, around the Royal Palace of Palazzo Pitti, , the centre of Medici power and prestige. Through the people of the Tuscan grand-ducal dynasty, the visitor can follow an itinerary that rebuilds the interests of the Medici family, which already from the mid-sixteenth century showed much interest in naturalistic illustrations. The first still lifes became part of the Medici collections in the early seventeenth century, coming from northern Europe, northern Italy and Rome, the areas where this new artistic genre was born almost simultaneously. The great protagonist of the Museum is the painter Bartolomeo Bimbi, whose masterpieces have been permanently exhibited in two large rooms dedicated to him. Specialized in the genre of still life, the artist worked almost exclusively for the Medici, in charge of illustrating the collections of citrus fruits and the products of the Medici crops. The masterpieces that made him famous are the citrus and fruit samples commissioned by Cosimo III at the end of the seventeenth century, for the Villa La Topaia; due to the high value of scientific documentation of these works, since 1990, after the XXIII International Horticultural Congress, it was decided that Bimbi's paintings should be exhibited in the Villa di Poggio a Caiano. In addition to the works of Bimbi, the Museum collects works by Flemish and Italian painters specialized in the genre of still life: Jan Brueghel, Mario dei Fiori, Bartolomeo Ligozzi, Margherita Caffi, Giovanni Stanchi, Andrea Scacciati, Otto Marseus.