The Medici Villa of Poggio a Caiano is also famous for the fresco decorations that surround the vaults of the large rooms. It is interesting to be able to recognize, through the pictorial styles, the passage of time with the stories of the people who lived in this wonderful place. The main floor opens with the great hall of Leone X communicating with the other rooms and, on the smaller sides, with the outside. The hall is wide-ranging, with a large barrel vault with lacunars, it must have had a scenographic look to celebrate the greatness of the Medici family, Giovanni de 'Medici in particular after his election to the papal throne with the name of Leone X. It was the first pope of the Medici family to commission the great pictorial cycle, between 1519 and 1521, to the most illustrious painters of his time. It is no coincidence that he wanted Franciabigio, Andrea del Sarto and Pontormo to the court of the Villa of Poggio. Leo X, son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, had inherited a refined taste for the arts and collections of objects from the ancient world. The pontiff also understood the central role of his dynasty and Florence as a reference city for art and culture in Europe. The iconographic system of the walls of the hall on the noble floor of the Villa had therefore to recall famous episodes of Roman history, since the Medici wanted to be considered the heirs of classical and ancient world. The decorations, with the representation of episodes of Roman history, had the role of glorifying in particular the moments of the political life of Cosimo the Elder and Lorenzo the Magnificent. Entering the hall, on the first panel on the right Alessandro Allori makes a tribute to the political figure of Lorenzo the Magnificent, recollecting his intervention in the Diet of Cremona; the painter compares Lorenzo de 'Medici to the consul Flaminio when he speaks to the council of Achaeans, surrounded by allegories of Virtue, necessary qualities to achieve diplomatic success. In the upper lunette there is 'Vertumnus and Pomona' by Jacopo Carnicci, known as Pontormo (1494-1556). This frescoed lunette, depicting the rural divinities Vertumnus and Pomona among peasant figures, is the only original portion of the complex decoration of the hall dating back to the iconographic progect of the Villa commissioned by Lorenzo the Magnificent, in correspondence with the representations of the frieze by Andrea Sansovino and of the fresco by Filippino Lippi on the Loggia of the pronaos. Continuing counterclockwise, the second panel is 'Cicero's Return from Exile'. It is a work by Francesco di Cristofano known as Franciabigio (1482-1525), who wants to allude to the return to Florence of Cosimo the Elder from his Venetian exile. The scene was later enlarged by the intervention of Allori. Above the entrance door another allegory of the three Virtues is represented, while in the third panel you can admire the scene of 'the king of Numidia Siface receiving Scipio', which recalls the journey that Lorenzo the Magnificent made in Naples with Ferdinando d ' Aragon, after the Pazzi conspiracy, to find a diplomatic and peace agreement.
Closed every Monday
Visite accompagnate della durata di un'ora circa con ingresso ogni ora dalle 8.30 alle 15.30.
Non si effettua la visita delle ore 13.30.
Gli Appartamenti e il Museo sono visitabili separatamente.
Nel caso di visite consecutive si dovranno prenotare prima gli Appartamenti e a seguire il Museo.
Parco: 8.15 - 17.00 (ultimo ingresso ore 16.30)
Ingresso al parco senza prenotazione.
Ingresso gratuito con prenotazione obbligatoria da effettuare entro il giorno precedente; massimo 10 persone a visita.
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